Safety and emergencies
According to statistical data, during some vacations, there are fatal accidents among walking tourists 50% all fatal accidents related to active recreation in the mountains. The other half lose their lives, trying my strength in disciplines, where the danger is more obvious, mainly rock and mountain climbing and parachute gliding. Contrary to the amateurs of other mountain sports, in which there is an inherent objective risk, most of the tourists walking in the alps lose their lives due to fatigue, carefree or inappropriate dress or shoes. A common risk is a fall due to slipping on wet grass, autumn leaves, scree or icy path. You also have to be careful with black ice. There are snow and rock avalanches in the higher parts of the mountains.
You must not stray from the marked and usually well-marked trails, and if you lose your trail, you should immediately turn back. Planning a mountain trip, do not forget to read the weather forecast, and because at high altitudes the weather changes very quickly, be sure to bring warm clothing before you set off on the trail. You cannot forget about the right footwear either. Another very important thing is to get enough carbohydrate-rich food (including reserve rations) and at least 1 liter of water per person, to prevent dehydration of the body. The length and height of the hikes need to be graded slowly, due to the need for acclimatization.
if it's possible, lonely mountain hikes should be avoided. Participation in an expedition of two people is considered the minimum necessary, although it is recommended to move in groups of at least three. Then, in the event of an accident, one person stays with the injured person, and the other goes to get help. The practice of leaving information about the planned route of the route with a family member must not be neglected, at the hostel manager or hotel receptionist. The route of the tour should not be changed during the march. Under no circumstances should you leave the marked trail in fog. With some caution it is possible to walk in fog on most trails, however, if the fog prevents you from moving, you just have to wait on the path, until visibility improves enough, that it will be possible to continue the journey.
The standard alpine distress signal is six whistles, cry six times, six puffs of smoke (any signal repeated six times) for a minute – co 10 seconds. It's worth taking a cell phone with you. Alpine emergency service is very effective, but extremely expensive, so it is worth taking out insurance against the expedition.
High mountain climbing is potentially very dangerous, therefore, you should never climb alone or without proper protection.
Notes before the trip
A large number of tourists put a huge burden on the natural environment, therefore, it is worth taking the following comments to heart and trying to help preserve the beauty of alpine nature.
Tourist savoir-vivre A walk is certainly not a serious activity, but knowing a few simple rules of behavior will facilitate good contact with other tourists.
• Except for crowded trails, it is not right to pass anyone without a greeting. On narrow paths, the person going downhill gives way to the person going up the hill.
• The gates of the pens must always be left like this, how did they find them. In summer, low voltage electric fences can be encountered, for greater control of animals grazing in wide alpine meadows. If it happens, that such a fence crosses a tourist trail, it is certainly equipped with a special hook for easy opening of the gate.
• Alpine flowers must not be picked, they really look much nicer on the mountain slopes. Nature watchers should not get too close to animals, because irritable and frightened will stop accumulating fat reserves, necessary for them to survive the long Alpine winter.
• Take all your rubbish with you (if there was no problem bringing them, it should also not be with reference). You have to remember about little things, such as scraps of aluminum foil, orange peel, cigarette butts and plastic bags. It is best to collect empty packaging in a separate bag. A gesture worthy of recognition is collecting the rubbish left by other tourists.
• Under no circumstances should you bury rubbish, as this has a damaging effect on the soil and accelerates erosion. Besides, it's almost certain, that the garbage will be dug up by the animals, which may injure themselves or even poison themselves. Decomposition of these substances, especially at high altitudes, would take years.
• The number of empty packages can be easily reduced by proper road preparation. It is not worth taking more food than we can eat. If it is not possible to buy food in large quantities, you can unpack small portions and put them in a shared container, therefore it is a good idea to take reusable packaging with you when traveling.
• Plastic mineral water bottles are one of the world's biggest environmental problems. Instead of buying bottled water, you can purify tap water with special tablets or iodine drops.
• Worn sanitary pads, tampons and condoms, which burn very poorly and decompose, also need to be taken with you.